Acne is a skin condition resulting in zits or pimples. Blackheads, whiteheads, inflamed skin patches like cysts and reddish skin are all examples. It’s a problem with the hair follicles in the chest, face, and back that affects everyone during puberty. Though it’s not caused because of bacteria, however, bacteria play an important role in its development. it’s quite common for girls to possess acne during their middle and late twenties. Acne may be treated in a variety of ways, including using products from the cosmetic counter or the drugstore. These don’t need a medical prescription. But, for severe cases, it’s mandatory to determine the doctor for other treatment alternatives.
Symtoms of Acne
Acne most commonly affects the shoulders and face, but it can also affect the arms, trunk, legs, and buttocks. Cysts, blackheads, papules, crusting of skin bumps, scarring of the skin, pustules, whiteheads, and redness surrounding skin
eruptions are all common acne symptoms.
Causes of Acne
contrary to the documented legend, chocolates and french fries aren’t responsible for causing acne. the first culprits to cause acne are:
Hormones – Acne issues typically peak during puberty, when a person’s body and hormones undergo significant changes. During puberty, the androgen hormone causes the sebaceous gland to expand. But, if you’re affected by acne, the sebaceous glands are overstimulated and this goes on continuing.
Extra sebum – Over stimulation of the sebaceous glands by the androgens leads to extra sebum. This presence of additional sebum increases the probabilities of clogging and results in acne.
Follicle fallout – Sebaceous glands that are overactive shed their hair very quickly. It gets mixed with extra sebum and dead skin cells create a connect follicles, thus preventing the skin from completing its natural renewal process. This plug motivates acne bacteria growth.
Bacteria – When a follicle is blocked, Propionibacterium acnes begin to multiply quickly. This creates a reaction and that we experience inflammation within the surrounding skin and therefore the follicles
Diagnosis of Acne
To diagnose acne, a dermatologist examines the patient’s skin to ensure that he or she has acne. There are other skin disorders that may appear like acne. If you have acne, the dermatologist would grade it first. Acne is divided into four
grades, ranging from 1 to 4. Grade 1 acne is moderate, while grade 4 acne is extreme. The skin is covered in nodules, pustules, and cysts. There are many whiteheads and blackheads. There are breakouts and a lot of inflammation, which may spread to other parts of the body besides the face. Then he takes note of the different kinds of acne on the patient’s skin.
Tips to Avoid Acne – If you have acne or want to avoid it in the future, there are certain things you should do to get rid of it. The following suggestions will assist you in successfully dealing with acne and achieving a healthy and clear complexion.
. To clean the skin pores and attempt to prevent the formation of new blemishes, always use natural and chemical-free skin brands. Cleansing the face before going to bed every day is the primary step towards acquiring healthy, spotless skin.
. Wash your face with a clean rag or towel. The bacteria causing acne multiplies rapidly on a damp surface and gets back into your skin, the next time when you use it.
. Try to keep the hairs and hands off your face as they contain excess oil and dirt that gets transferred to the face. This results in pore-clogging and bacterial growth.
. Drink plenty of water and eat a well-balanced diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables.
. Picking or pinching blemishes cause excess oil to be transferred from one area to another, resulting in deeper acne lesions.
. Wearing dresses that do not allow the skin to breathe will help to treat acne on the back and shoulders.
. Manage your stress levels effectively by having adequate sleep. Our skin requires adequate rest in order to restore and repair itself.
. Heavy makeup and oil-based lotions should be avoided by women.